Spending all day at the library or on the couch if you are studying remotely isn’t always the most effective way to work. Understanding how your brain processes and retains information is key to making the most of your time, staying on track and doing well in your tests and assignments. Use your environment and your schedule to encourage habits that help you do what you have to do.
- Find a good place to work, without clutter and/or distractions surrounding you.
- Minimize distractions by using website blocking or focus apps and log out of your social media accounts while you do school work.
- Take care of yourself, e.g. get enough sleep.
- Space out short study sessions over a longer period of time.
- Practice repetition—it is very helpful in building memory.
- Develop your own memory aids that help you handle course content, such as flash cards, acronyms, annotated diagrams, associations, or compare-and contrast tables—or try explaining the information in your own words. Digesting and understanding what you need to remember will improve your ability to hold on to the details and ideas you need.
- Try the Pomodoro Method for staying focused: use a timer to work for 25 minutes on a task, then take a 5-minute break before repeating the process. If this feels like too short a time period to you, experiment with different lengths of time to find what suits you best.
- Use SMART Goals to improve concentration: setting yourself a specific, measurable, and achievable task that can be done in a short period of time often helps more than a long, general “study” period.
- Problem Solving Matrix (PDF)
- Studying Facts vs. Concepts for Life Sciences (PDF)
- Tips for Studying Languages at University (PDF)
- Exam Tips (PDF)
- Take-Home and Online Exams (PDF)
- What Works, What Doesn’t? (Scientific American Mind)
- Forget What you Know about Good Study Habits (New York Times)
- The Curve of Forgetting (University of Waterloo)
Apps and assistive technology
We have used some of the apps and websites listed below, and others have come to our attention from students who have found them helpful.
Disclaimer: the University of Toronto does not officially endorse the aforementioned apps and websites and may not be held responsible for any technological problems that arise from their use. Please use at your own discretion.
Other U of T resources
A full list of aid centres is available on Find academic resources.
- Peer-Assisted Study Sessions for Engineering (PASS)
- University of Toronto Peer Tutoring (UTPT)
- Faculty of Arts & Science Registered Study Groups
5 Keys to Succeed at U of T Online Course
This non-credit Quercus course is intended to help you manage stress, use evidence-based study techniques, connect with supportive people and resources, and more!Learn more about 5 Keys to Succeed at U of T Online Course
Learning How to Learn
Explore workshops with evidence-based practices to help you with exam prep, meet new expectations and improve your studying at U of T.Learn more about Learning How to Learn
Learning Well in First Year
A 4-week program to help you adjust to university and learn more effectively in your first year at U of T.Learn more about Learning Well in First Year
Learning Well in Second Year
A 4-week learning program to help you get off to a good start in your second year.Learn more about Learning Well in Second Year
Learning Well for Grads
Join a 4-week cohort program for research-stream graduate students to bolster academic resilience.Learn more about Learning Well for Grads
Study Hubs are scheduled times for you to set and meet your studying goals.Learn more about Study Hubs
Academic Success peer mentor appointmentsBook a one-on-one appointment with a peer mentor to get fast support and skills. Learn more about Academic Success peer mentor appointments
Academic Success resource libraryExplore our handouts and tip sheets on academic skills. Learn more about Academic Success resource library